Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries.The old name of this newly formed city is Orugallu. Oru means one and Kallu means stone. Kakatiya sculpture at Warangal: The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake.
The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Famous or well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani (queen) Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis. Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into severalsmaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal.
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state ofHyderabad in 1724 which included the Warangal, the erstwhile capital of the great Kakatiya Kingdom ruled during 12th- 14th century, is presently an ushering industrial and cultural centre in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The Warangal city is credited as the fifth largest city in the state and has the historical legacy of being known as Oruguallu or Omtikonda or Ekasilanagaram mainly due to the existence of a huge hillock seems to be carved out of one stone
ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS & TEMPLES
Thousand Pillars Temple 12th Century
Ramappa Temple 12th Century
Ghanpur Group of Temples.
Tourist Places in and around Warangal
Warangal attracts a huge number of tourists throughout the year due to factors such as its historical significance, the variety of wonderful monuments found in the city, wildlife sanctuaries and impressive temples.
Pakhal Lake, Warangal Fort, the Thousand Pillared temple and the Rock Garden are some of the popular attractions found in the district of Warangal. Other temples such the Padmakshi Temple and the Bhadrakali Temple also attract pilgrims from a cross-section of society. The Warangal Planetarium is a popular haunt for tourists in the area as are the various lakes and parks.
The Samakka-Sarakka Jatra (also called Sammakka Saralamma Jatara) congregation is hosted in Warangal district once in two years and attracts almost ten million people. The festival/fair is a commemoration of the fighting spirit shown by a mother-daughter combination while dealing with an unjust law enforced by the Kakatiya rulers that reigned in times gone by. It is the second biggest gathering in the continent of Asia, trailing only to the Kumbh Mela.
The Bathukamma festival is celebrated with great style here and is marked by women worshipping the Goddess with an assortment of flowers.
How to reach Warangal
A government bus service covers most of the city, and it is the most cost-effective way to travel and get around while visiting various attractions. Autorickshaws are also seen in plenty and thus, the availability of transportation is not much of a concern. Autorickshaws do not run on a meter usually, so it is advisable to fix the rate before starting on a journey to avoid confusion.
Regional Science Centre
Van Vigyan Kendra
Etunagaram Wild Life Senctuary